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Global “A World Without Skin Tears” Day 2024

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ISTAP Global “A World Without Skin Tears...
Skin as the Largest Organ
29:10

Skin as the Largest Organ

Presented by Dr. Elizabeth A. Ayello and Dr. R. Gary Sibbald Dr. Elizabeth A. Ayello Elizabeth A. Ayello (Pronounced I-yell-0) is a board certified wound and ostomy nurse from Queens, New York City, who is internationally known as an educator, researcher, prolific author, editor, clinician, and mentor. Dr. Ayello is currently Co-Editor in Chief for the international interprofessional journal, Advances in Skin and Wound Care, Executive Editor Emeritus for the WCET® Journal, President of Ayello Harris & Associates Inc. and Faculty IIWCC in Toronto and Abu Dhabi as well as Founder and Director of the WoundPedia Basic and Intermediate courses in Manila, the Philippines. She is a past president of the World Council of Enterostomal Therapists (WCET®) as well as the National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel (NPIAP). Dr. Ayello is currently a member of the GGG who is working on the next edition of the EPUAP NPIAP PPPIA International Pressure Injury Guidelines scheduled to be released in 2025. Dr. Ayello and has over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, is co-author/co-editor of two wound care books - Wound Care Essentials Practice Principles, Pocket Guide to Pressure Ulcers, as well as the WCET® International Ostomy Guideline, WCET® Pocket Guides, Ostomy and Stoma Siting. We are delighted that she will be co-presenting with Dr. R. Gary Sibbald, on Skin, the largest Organ. Dr. R. Gary Sibbald Dr. Sibbald, MD FRCPC (Med, Derm), MACP, FAAD, MEd, FAPWCA, is the founder and Executive Director of WoundPedia as well as the lead of Project ECHO Ontario Skin and Wound. He is a dermatologist and internist with a special interest in wound care and education. Dr. Sibbald is also a professor of medicine and public health at the University of Toronto. As a wound care educator, clinician, and clinical researcher, he is an international wound care key opinion leader. Dr. Sibbald is the co-founder (1999) and course director of the International Interprofessional Wound Care Course (IIWCC). He is the director of the Masters of Science in Community Health (Prevention and Wound Care) at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto, and an investigator with the Institute for Better Health, Trillium Health Partners. Dr. Sibbald is the former president of the World Union of Wound Healing Societies 2008-12. He is a co-editor and chapter author of the Chronic Wound Care textbook. He has over 200 publications and is the current co-editor in chief of the journal, Advances in Skin and Wound Care. ----- About the Event ISTAP's third annual Global “A World Without Skin Tears” Day will took place virtually on 18 April 2024. Supported by our corporate partners and international official partners, this free event included a programme of experts from all continents who will present on the latest education related to skin tears. Attendees were healthcare professionals from across the globe who have interest in preventing and treating skin tears. #WWSTD2024
  • Is it evident that cleansing involves irrigation rather than scrubbing?
    Indeed, we recommend employing gentle cleansing techniques and refraining from scrubbing, as it can potentially exacerbate any existing trauma.
  • Could you provide additional examples of skin tears occurring in pediatric populations? What are the typical appearances of such tears in children?
    Pediatric populations indeed present unique challenges in preventing and managing skin tears. In children, skin tears often result from trauma during dressing or device removal, or even from handling the child, particularly in neonates with delicate skin. While the appearance of these tears may resemble those in adults, the mechanisms of injury differ significantly.
  • Is Allevyn Gentle Border suitable for securing purposes?
    The suitability of using bordered foam dressings like Allevyn Gentle Border depends on the condition of the peri-wound and surrounding skin. While they can be utilized, it's crucial to conduct a careful assessment beforehand. If there's any concern regarding the risk of additional trauma, such as Medical Adhesive-Related Skin Injury (MARSI), consider incorporating skin barriers or protectants.
  • A company producing foam dressings suggests using foam exclusively and leaving it in place for five days. Is this advisable?
    Foam dressings are suitable for managing exudate, but it's essential to conduct a thorough assessment of moisture levels to weigh the risk of maceration against maintaining a moist environment. If the risk of infection is deemed low, leaving a foam dressing in place for five days can be acceptable. However, it's crucial to monitor the patient for any changes in the condition of their wound or limb during this time.
  • How effective are polymeric membrane dressings for treating skin tears?
    Polymeric dressings consist of a hydrophilic polyurethane matrix infused with a gentle wound cleanser (surfactant), a moisturizing agent (glycerol), a superabsorbent material, and a semi-permeable film backing. They serve as valuable tools in managing localized wound pain.
  • Skin tears often result in asymmetrical wounds, with the proximal part of the skin flap lifted from the subcutaneous tissue. Should we place more emphasis on analyzing the thickness of the flap at the time of trauma?
    When considering flap thickness, while it may not necessitate further analysis, it holds significance during the process of repositioning and categorizing the skin tear.
  • Is zinc appropriate for treating skin tears?
    There's insufficient evidence supporting the use of zinc specifically for skin tears. Zinc oxide ointment is typically indicated for diaper/nappy rash or other minor skin irritations. ISTAP does not recommend its use for treating skin tears.
  • When removing the dressing, should it be pulled in the direction of the tear or the opposite direction to the flap?
    If the flap is anchored or fixed at one end, it's advisable to remove the dressing from the fixed edge of the flap to prevent pulling the flap in the wrong direction.
  • Is it suitable to use foam dressings within the initial 24 hours if there is heavy exudate?
    Foam dressings are specifically designed to absorb exudate; however, their absorption capacities can vary. It's important to refer to the manufacturer's indications for use to ensure suitability for managing heavy exudate within the first 24 hours.
  • What was the content of the Table of Dressings and how can I found it?
    The Table of Dressings is included in our 2018 Best Practice Recommendations Document. This document is accessible for free to ISTAP Members on our website at https://www.skintears.org/publications.
  • What are the considerations regarding the use of acrylic dressings for skin tears, given their extended wear time potential and the risk of Medical Adhesive-Related Skin Injury (MARSI)?
    Acrylic dressings are included in our 2018 Best Practice Recommendations Document. This document is accessible for free to ISTAP Members on our website at https://www.skintears.org/publications.
  • What recommendations are there for wound cleansing tools? Should gauze and saline or monofilament fiber be used?
    For initial wound care, opt for gentle cleansing methods such as irrigating with saline. Avoid dislodging the skin tear flap and refrain from using products that could cause debridement. However, if the skin tear occurred in a dirty environment and there's a risk of debris or contamination, more thorough cleansing may be necessary. Additionally, Tetanus status should be considered if there's a potential for contamination.
  • Why are traumatic flaps not approximated with sutures, unlike skin grafts?
    A skin graft is very different to a skin tear, they are not the same.
  • If a wound has already been approximated and dressed by care staff, should it be removed and cleaned by ambulance staff?
    The necessity of removing and cleaning the wound may vary depending on the time since the injury. If the skin tear occurred within the last 24 hours and was adequately cleansed at the time, there might not be a need for further cleansing unless indicated otherwise. It's important to inquire whether the skin tear flap was repositioned during initial care. Additionally, having photos of the skin tear would be beneficial in this situation.
  • Excellent presentation! Could future presentations include examples featuring darker pigmented skin?
    ISTAP is actively striving to incorporate more diverse photos of skin tears, including various skin tones. We have reached out to our members, requesting them to share relevant photos. If you have permission to share any photos, please feel free to send them to us at info@skintears.org.
  • What is the recommended frequency for changing dressings?
    The frequency of dressing changes varies based on clinical indications, particularly exudate levels. If the dressing experiences strike-through, it should be replaced. Some dressings can remain in place for several days. Daily dressing changes may be necessary in cases of infection.
  • What is the likelihood of skin tears becoming infected?
    We currently lack specific data on the infection rates of skin tears. However, similar to other open wounds, skin tears are susceptible to infection, with risk influenced by various factors including patient comorbidities.
  • Is a hematoma classified as a deep tissue injury, thus making it impossible to stage or classify?
    A hematoma can range from a bruise (ecchymosis) to a significant blood collection. Given that skin tears often result in bleeding, it's probable that there will be a blood clot present at the injury site. In managing a skin tear, it's crucial to gently cleanse the wound to remove any blood accumulation, facilitating the repositioning of the skin tear flap.
  • Is the use of skin glue recommended for treating skin tears?
    2-Octyl cyanoacrylate topical bandage, commonly known as skin glue, can be used for Type 1 skin tears.
  • What is the recommended treatment for skin tears occurring due to maceration within the buttock cheeks?
    It's essential to differentiate between a moisture lesion and a skin tear in this scenario. Skin tears typically occur in other body areas rather than the buttock cheeks. However, if it is indeed a skin tear, treatment should align with the Type classification and the guidelines outlined in the 2018 Best Practice Recommendations Document. This resource is available free of charge to ISTAP Members on our website at https://www.skintears.org/publications.
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About the Event

ISTAP's third annual Global “A World Without Skin Tears” Day will take place virtually on 18 April 2024.

Supported by our corporate partners and international official partners, this free event includes a programme of experts from all continents who will present on the latest education related to skin tears. Attendees will be healthcare professionals from across the globe who have interest in preventing and treating skin tears.

Join the conversation on social media using hashtag #WWSTD2024

EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME

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Presenters

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